This article about London’s commuter toll is inexplicably positive. The plan is passed off as pro-environment, pedestrian’s revenge on fat cat car owners, and apopulist scheme to get more money for public transportation. But the way I see it, here is what happened — traffic was bad, and someone had the brilliant idea “things would be a lot better if we pass a law that says poor people are not allowed to use the roads” — and they passed a law.
Evenin Singapore, where permits to drive in the city cost something like$25,000/year, the permits are assigned by lottery. So even if you have the money, you don’t necessarily get to drive.